What is the PPC?

Provisions of the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) provide that whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal shall be punished with imprisonment for life and shall also be liable to fine. Further, whoever voluntarily indulges in carnal intercourse with any man, woman or animal after previously having been convicted of an offence under this section shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years and shall also be liable to fine. Explanation.— Penetration is sufficient to constitute the carnal intercourse necessary to the offence described in this section.

Also Read: How to Check online detail of cases and FIRs

Chapter 1: General


It consists of 184 sections and 9 schedules. The law extends to (and takes effect in) all parts of Pakistan, except for Federal Capital, where a special law governs. This means that it applies to Federal Territories as well. Offences are divided into two categories: ordinary offences and summary offences. [1] However, petty crimes like street brawls can also be tried as a summary offence, while traffic offenses like speeding on a highway are tried under ordinary offences.[2] Chapter 2: Offences Against State And Lawful Authority It includes provisions against treason and espionage among other things. Chapter 3: Offences Relating To The Army, Navy And Air Force It includes provisions against mutiny in army.

Chapter 2:

Offences Against Rights of Property
A person who, fraudulently or with intent to defraud or deceive another person, makes any false representation, commits forgery of document. Forging documents include a whole range of scenarios that fall under three categories: counterfeiting (making a copy of an original without permission), fabrication (making up fictitious data), and altering an existing document without permission. The purpose behind these offenses are to protect against financial loss that might result from forged documents and ensure authenticity between individuals, companies and third parties. It covers all manner of criminal activity involving paper including checks, bank notes and drafts on banks.

Chapter 3: Of Offences Relating to Religion

Injuring or defiling places of worship, with intent to insult religion: Whoever destroys, damages or defiles any place of worship, or any object held sacred by any class of persons with the intention of thereby insulting the religion of any class of persons or with knowledge that any class of persons is likely to consider such destruction, damage or defilement as an insult to their religion, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both. Explanation: The expression place of worship means a temple, mosque or other place of worship which is recognised as such by law or usage.

Chapter 4:

Of Cruelty by Husband or Relatives
Any husband or any relative of his (including parents) who subjects a woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine. Cruelty is defined under Section 309 of Pakistan Penal Code 1860. The act includes such acts as willful conduct which results in grave injury, disfigurement, disease or infirmity likely to cause death; torture, inhuman treatment and unauthorized amputation or medical treatment. The courts have held that maiming by keeping iron bars heated in fire close to cows and goats was not cruelty but it also depends on facts and circumstances surrounding any incident. Any person can file an FIR if they witness any cruelty upon women.

Chapter 5:

Of Offences Affecting the Human Body
You’re most likely familiar with crimes like theft, robbery, and homicide. These are all offenses against property or a person that cause harm, be it emotional or physical. The Pakistan Penal Code lists numerous types of these offenses which fall under several broad categories Offences Affecting Life; Offences Affecting Liberty; Offences Affecting Body; Offences Affecting Reputation; Offences by or Relating to Public Servants; and Miscellaneous Offenses. Of course, there are many sub-categories within each of these broader ones.

Chapter 6: Of Criminal Intimidation, Insult and Annoyance


Section 503 of the Pakistan Penal Code defines criminal intimidation as threatening a person with dire consequences, such as physical injury or death, in order to force them to do something they don’t want to. Intimidation can be verbal or written (email/SMS), but it must be directly aimed at a specific individual, not just anyone in general. If you use physical gestures like pointing a gun at someone while giving them your dark-side-of-the-moon stare, you can also be convicted of criminal intimidation. You may also face charges if you post such threats on social media or any other public forum.

Chapter 7: Of Defamation


False Charge of Crime, etc. Sec. 337. Whoever, imputes anything to any person, intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is said to defame that person. Explanation 1: It may amount to defamation to impute anything [under Sections 499 and 500] for [the purpose of causing] harm to [the reputation of another person whether in his character as a human being or in his character as a holder of any office.] Explanation 2: An imputation in good faith made for [the protection of a third person or for], public good is not defamation even if it harm[s] reputation.

Chapter 8: Miscellaneous


One of the most confusing areas of Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) for non-Muslims are its Miscellaneous provisions. It can be especially confusing for people from other parts of world who have no knowledge about Sharia and our Islamic laws. Often there is ambiguity or difference between PPC, Qanoon-e-Shahadat Order 1984 and ICTR Act. We try to cover all these three codes in following paragraphs to highlight main differences between them. Misunderstanding may arise when two provisions may seem similar in terms of wording but with different meanings because one provision refers to Pakistani origin while other relates to international origin, which is something common in Pakistan Penal Code as it was derived from British colonial era penal code.

What is PPC || What is Pakistan Panel Code

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